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Department of State Growth

Wine

Tasmanian wines are unique and are developing a character that is individual to their region. One of the most climatically diverse wine growing regions in Australia, Tasmania is 'the’ cool climate wine growing state. With its long, sunny and dry autumns, Tasmania is ideal for growing intensely flavoured Aromatics, Chardonnays, Pinot Noirs and Cabernet Sauvignon.

Tasmania - Australia’s temperate island state

The Tasmanian landscape is dominated by dolerite-capped mountains that shelter the state’s wine regions from high winds and rainfall. On the lower slopes, the vineyard soils are formed from ancient sandstones and mudstones and also from more recent river sediments and igneous rocks of volcanic origin.

Cool climate advantage

The Southern Ocean surrounding the state controls Tasmania's climate, providing conditions free from extremes in temperature. Mild spring and summer temperatures, with warm autumn days and cool nights, allow the grapes to ripen slowly on the vine, resulting in maximum varietal flavour development. This is achieved without losing that essential natural acid that gives the wine freshness and balance. Tasmanian wines are made for the dinner table as their natural acid balance give them a clean, fresh palate.

Quality assurance and care

Integrated pest management systems are commonly implemented by Tasmanian viticulturists. This ensures effective spray regimes with applications being kept to a minimum. Tasmania is free from grape vine phylloxera and, being an island, also offers other quarantine advantages for vine growing. Cooler temperatures at vintage time also mean that less sulphur is required to prevent oxidation of the juice during the winemaking process.

Vintage

The Tasmanian vintage usually begins with sparkling fruit from mid-March, when the autumn colours set in, to early May at the peak of the dry autumn and before the risk of autumn frost and rain. Vintage variations are greater in Tasmania than any other Australian region. Each Tasmanian area is exhibiting distinctive characteristics and only time will tell the true terroir of these regions. The modern Tasmanian wine industry is still relatively young compared to other parts of Australia. Great promise is held for the future as Tasmanian wine represents more than 10 per cent of the premium and ultra premium bottled market in Australia.